Robotics: Science and Systems II

Computing Smooth Feedback Plans Over Cylindrical Algebraic Decompositions

S. Lindemann, S. LaValle

Abstract: In this paper, we construct smooth feedback plans over cylindrical algebraic decompositions. Given a cylindrical algebraic decomposition on Rn, a goal state xg, and a connectivity graph of cells reachable from the goal cell, we construct a vector field that is smooth everywhere except on a set of measure zero and the integral curves of which are smooth (i.e., C1) and arrive at a neighborhood of the goal state in finite time. We call a vector field with these properties a smooth feedback plan. The smoothness of the integral curves guarantees that they can be followed by a system with finite acceleration inputs: ¨x = u. We accomplish this by defining vector fields for each cylindrical cell and face and smoothly interpolating between them. Schwartz and Sharir showed that cylindrical algebraic decompositions can be used to solve the generalized piano movers problem, in which multiple (possibly linked) robots described as semi-algebraic sets must travel from their initial to goal configurations without intersecting each other or a set of semi-algebraic obstacles. Since we build a vector field over the decomposition, this implies that we can obtain smooth feedback plans for the generalized piano movers problem.



    AUTHOR    = {S. Lindemann and S. LaValle},
    TITLE     = {Computing Smooth Feedback Plans Over Cylindrical Algebraic Decompositions},
    BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of Robotics: Science and Systems},
    YEAR      = {2006},
    ADDRESS   = {Philadelphia, USA},
    MONTH     = {August},
    DOI       = {10.15607/RSS.2006.II.027}