Robotics: Science and Systems XVII

GIFT: Generalizable Interaction-aware Functional Tool Affordances without Labels

Dylan Turpin, Liquan Wang, Stavros Tsogkas, Sven Dickinson, Animesh Garg


Tool use requires reasoning about the fit between an object’s affordances and the demands of a task. Visual affordance learning can benefit from goal-directed interaction experience; but current techniques rely on human labels or expert demonstrations to generate this data. In this paper; we describe a method that grounds affordances in physical interactions instead; thus removing the need for human labels or expert policies. We use an efficient sampling-based method to generate successful trajectories that provide contact data; which are then used to reveal affordance representations. Our framework; GIFT; operates in two phases: first; we discover visual affordances from goal-directed interaction with a set of procedurally generated tools; second; we train a model to predict new instances of the discovered affordances on novel tools in a self-supervised fashion. In our experiments; we show that GIFT can leverage a sparse keypoint representation to predict grasp and interaction points to accommodate multiple tasks; such as hooking; reaching; and hammering. GIFT outperforms baselines on all tasks and matches a human oracle on two of three tasks using novel tools.



    AUTHOR    = {Dylan Turpin AND Liquan Wang AND Stavros Tsogkas AND Sven Dickinson AND Animesh Garg}, 
    TITLE     = {{GIFT: Generalizable Interaction-aware Functional Tool Affordances without Labels}}, 
    BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of Robotics: Science and Systems}, 
    YEAR      = {2021}, 
    ADDRESS   = {Virtual}, 
    MONTH     = {July}, 
    DOI       = {10.15607/RSS.2021.XVII.060}