Robotics: Science and Systems XIX

Dynamic-Resolution Model Learning for Object Pile Manipulation

Yixuan Wang, Yunzhu Li, Katherine Driggs-Campbell, Li Fei-Fei, Jiajun Wu


Dynamics models learned from visual observations have shown to be effective in various robotic manipulation tasks. One of the key questions for learning such dynamics models is what scene representation to use. Prior works typically assume representation at a fixed dimension or resolution, which may be inefficient for simple tasks and ineffective for more complicated tasks. In this work, we investigate how to learn dynamic and adaptive representations at different levels of abstraction to achieve the optimal trade-off between efficiency and effectiveness. Specifically, we construct dynamic-resolution particle representations of the environment and learn a unified dynamics model using graph neural networks (GNNs) that allows continuous selection of the abstraction level. During test time, the agent can adaptively determine the optimal resolution at each model-predictive control (MPC) step. We evaluate our method in object pile manipulation, a task we commonly encounter in cooking, agriculture, manufacturing, and pharmaceutical applications. Through comprehensive evaluations both in the simulation and the real world, we show that our method achieves significantly better performance than state-of-the-art fixed-resolution baselines at the gathering, sorting, and redistribution of granular object piles made with various instances like coffee beans, almonds, corn, etc.



    AUTHOR    = {Yixuan Wang AND Yunzhu Li AND Katherine Driggs-Campbell AND Li Fei-Fei AND Jiajun Wu}, 
    TITLE     = {{Dynamic-Resolution Model Learning for Object Pile Manipulation}}, 
    BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of Robotics: Science and Systems}, 
    YEAR      = {2023}, 
    ADDRESS   = {Daegu, Republic of Korea}, 
    MONTH     = {July}, 
    DOI       = {10.15607/RSS.2023.XIX.047}