Robotics: Science and Systems XIX

Concurrent Constrained Optimization of Unknown Rewards for Multi-Robot Task Allocation

Sukriti Singh, Anusha Srikanthan, Vivek Mallampati, Harish Ravichandar


Task allocation can enable effective coordination of multi-robot teams to accomplish tasks that are intractable for individual robots. However, existing approaches to task allocation often assume that task requirements or reward functions are known and explicitly specified by the user. In this work, we consider the challenge of forming effective coalitions for a given heterogeneous multi-robot team when task reward functions are unknown. To this end, we first formulate a new class of problems, dubbed COncurrent Constrained Online optimization of Allocation (COCOA). The COCOA problem requires online optimization of coalitions such that the unknown rewards of all the tasks are simultaneously maximized using a given multi-robot team with constrained resources. To address the COCOA problem, we introduce an online optimization algorithm, named Concurrent Multi-Task Adaptive Bandits (CMTAB), that leverages and builds upon continuum-armed bandit algorithms. Experiments involving detailed numerical simulations and a simulated emergency response task reveal that CMTAB can effectively trade-off exploration and exploitation to simultaneously and efficiently optimize the unknown task rewards while respecting the team's resource constraints.



    AUTHOR    = {Sukriti Singh AND Anusha Srikanthan AND Vivek Mallampati AND Harish Ravichandar}, 
    TITLE     = {{Concurrent Constrained Optimization of Unknown Rewards for Multi-Robot Task Allocation}}, 
    BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of Robotics: Science and Systems}, 
    YEAR      = {2023}, 
    ADDRESS   = {Daegu, Republic of Korea}, 
    MONTH     = {July}, 
    DOI       = {10.15607/RSS.2023.XIX.108}