Robotics: Science and Systems VII

The Motion Grammar: Linguistic Perception, Planning, and Control

Neil Dantam, Mike Stilman


We present and analyze the Motion Grammar: a novel unified representation for task decomposition, perception, planning, and control that provides both fast online control of robots in uncertain environments and the ability to guarantee completeness and correctness. The grammar represents a policy for the task which is parsed in real-time based on perceptual input. Branches of the syntax tree form the levels of a hierarchical decomposition, and the individual robot sensor readings are given by tokens. We implement this approach in the interactive game of Yamakuzushi on a physical robot resulting in a system that repeatably competes with a human opponent in sustained game-play for the roughly six minute duration of each match.



    AUTHOR    = {Neil Dantam AND Mike Stilman}, 
    TITLE     = {The Motion Grammar: Linguistic Perception, Planning, and Control}, 
    BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of Robotics: Science and Systems}, 
    YEAR      = {2011}, 
    ADDRESS   = {Los Angeles, CA, USA}, 
    MONTH     = {June},
    DOI       = {10.15607/RSS.2011.VII.007}