Robotics: Science and Systems IX

Incremental Semantically Grounded Learning from Demonstration

Scott Niekum, Sachin Chitta, Andrew Barto, Bhaskara Marthi, Sarah Osentoski


Much recent work in robot learning from demonstration has focused on automatically segmenting continuous task demonstrations into simpler, reusable primitives. However, strong assumptions are often made about how these primitives can be sequenced, limiting the potential for data reuse. We introduce a novel method for discovering semantically grounded primitives and incrementally building and improving a finite-state representation of a task in which various contingencies can arise. Specifically, a Beta Process Autoregressive Hidden Markov Model is used to automatically segment demonstrations into motion categories, which are then further subdivided into semantically grounded states in a finite-state automaton. During replay of the task, a data-driven approach is used to collect additional data where they are most needed through interactive corrections, which are then used to improve the finite-state automaton. Together, this allows for intelligent sequencing of primitives to create novel, adaptive behavior that can be incrementally improved as needed. We demonstrate the utility of this technique on a furniture assembly task using the PR2 mobile manipulator.



    AUTHOR    = {Scott Niekum AND Sachin Chitta AND Andrew Barto AND Bhaskara Marthi AND Sarah Osentoski}, 
    TITLE     = {Incremental Semantically Grounded Learning from Demonstration}, 
    BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of Robotics: Science and Systems}, 
    YEAR      = {2013}, 
    ADDRESS   = {Berlin, Germany}, 
    MONTH     = {June},
    DOI       = {10.15607/RSS.2013.IX.048}