Robotics: Science and Systems XVIII

Parameterized Differential Dynamic Programming

Alex Oshin, Matthew D Houghton, Michael J. Acheson, Irene M. Gregory, Evangelos Theodorou


Differential Dynamic Programming (DDP) is an efficient trajectory optimization algorithm relying on second-order approximations of a system's dynamics and cost function, and has recently been applied to optimize systems with time-invariant parameters. Prior works include system parameter estimation and identifying the optimal switching time between modes of hybrid dynamical systems. This paper generalizes previous work by proposing a general parameterized optimal control objective and deriving a parametric version of DDP, titled Parameterized Differential Dynamic Programming (PDDP). A rigorous convergence analysis of the algorithm is provided, and PDDP is shown to converge to a minimum of the cost regardless of initialization. The effects of varying the optimization to more effectively escape local minima are analyzed. Experiments are presented applying PDDP on multiple robotics systems to solve model predictive control (MPC) and moving horizon estimation (MHE) tasks simultaneously. Finally, PDDP is used to determine the optimal transition point between flight regimes of a complex urban air mobility (UAM) class vehicle exhibiting multiple phases of flight.



    AUTHOR    = {Alex Oshin AND {Matthew D} Houghton AND {Michael J.} Acheson AND {Irene M.} Gregory AND Evangelos Theodorou}, 
    TITLE     = {{Parameterized Differential Dynamic Programming}}, 
    BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of Robotics: Science and Systems}, 
    YEAR      = {2022}, 
    ADDRESS   = {New York City, NY, USA}, 
    MONTH     = {June}, 
    DOI       = {10.15607/RSS.2022.XVIII.046}